Child criminal exploitation
Child criminal exploitation is when someone uses a child (under 18 years old) to commit crimes for them.
It includes things like forcing a child to work on a cannabis farm, or grooming a child to sell drugs in county lines operations.
Child criminal exploitation can involve bribery, violence or threats. The child does not need to have met whoever is exploiting them - children can be exploited via the internet or using mobile phones.
A child may have been exploited even if it looks as if they have willingly committed the crime.
Children can be exploited by individuals or groups, men or women, and adults or young people.
People who exploit children use the fact that they have power over children, because of an age difference or some other factor like gender, intelligence, strength, status or wealth.
Who is likely to be exploited
Any child can be a victim of child criminal exploitation. But risk factors include:
neglect or abuse
not having a safe and stable home
social isolation or other social difficulties
connections with people involved in gangs or crime
mental health issues
alcohol or drug problems
being in care
being excluded from mainstream education
Signs of exploitation
Signs to look out for include:
often going missing from home or school and being found away from their normal area
unexplained money, clothes or mobile phones
having multiple mobile phones
getting lots of phone calls or texts
relationships with older people
abandoning friends and their social circle
school performance getting worse
significant emotional changes (like becoming more angry or sad)
Any sudden change in a young person’s lifestyle could be because of criminal exploitation and you should talk to them about it.
Advice for children
If you are worried about a friend
It can be really worrying if you know someone who is in a gang or who you think may be being exploited. You don't have to cope with things on your own.
let them know how you feel
encourage them to think about their safety and their future
suggest they contact Childline on 0800 1111 or online
ask an adult for help, like a parent or teacher you trust
call 999 if you think they are in immediate danger and need urgent help
How to leave a gang
try to spend less time with the other gang members
try to avoid places where you know the gang will be
contact Childline on 0800 1111 or online
ask an adult for help, like a parent, teacher or youth worker you trust
call 999 if you are in immediate danger and need urgent help
focus on things that you enjoy like sport, music, art, reading or hobbies
Advice for parents and guardians
Child criminal exploitation is a form of child abuse.
Report possible child criminal exploitation
If you suspect someone of criminally exploiting children, or think someone you know has been or is at risk of becoming a victim find out how to report possible child abuse.
If someone is in immediate danger and needs urgent help please call 999 now. If you have a hearing or speech impairment, use our text phone service 18000 or text us on 999 if you’ve pre-registered with the emergency SMS service.
Help and support
Support for parents and carers of children who are being exploited by criminals.